ERIC Number: ED267522
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Nov-24
Reference Count: 0
Incidental Language Teaching: Research and Clinical Perspectives.
Warren, Steven F.; Kaiser, Ann P.
The paper reviews and critiques research on incidental language teaching, a method which refers to interactions between an adult and a child that arise naturally in an unstructured situation and that are used systematically by the adult to transmit new information or give the child practice in developing a communication skill. Studies of this approach and implications of its use with children who are developmentally or language delayed are discussed. The theoretical reasons why incidental teaching might be expected to be effective are briefly discussed and studies evaluating its general effects are noted. Three conclusions are cited from the research: incidental teaching (1) teaches target skills effectively in the natural environment; (2) typically results in generalization of those skills across settings, times, and persons; and (3) results in gains in the formal functional, and possibly the strategic aspects of language. Future research should focus on analyses of general effects, analyses of how these effects are influenced by individual differences among subjects, and ways that incidental teaching technology can be systematically utilized within the education system and with parents. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (12th, Washington, DC, November, 22-25, 1985).