ERIC Number: ED267449
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Mar-13
Reference Count: 0
Computers, Invention, and the Power to Change Student Writing.
A study examined the quantity and quality of ideas produced in freshman composition students' writing to determine whether computer assisted instruction (CAI) stimulates invention as well as or better than current invention instruction in traditional classrooms. Two CAI programs were used: QUEST, the systematic program that examines an item/event by asking questions, and FREE, an unsystematic program that involves writing about a subject for a short period and then reading the free-writing to find a central focus. The traditional heuristics were the same as those used for the CAI programs and were presented as handouts with the appropriate directions. The final data for each of the 72 subjects included two essays and a heuristic exercise for each of the essays. Findings showed no significant main effects in holistic quality for the type of heuristic used prior to the writing or for the mode of instruction. The results also showed no significant main effects in quantity of ideas for the type of heuristic used prior to the writing or for mode of instruction. However, there was a significant main effect for the type of heuristic used prior to the writing. Writers using the unsystematic heuristic--free writing followed by synthesis--used a greater percentage of the ideas produced by that heuristic. (HOD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (37th, New Orleans, LA, March 13-15, 1986).