ERIC Number: ED267354
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Feb-14
Reference Count: 0
Counselor and Client Responses to Hypothesis Testing Strategies.
Hayden, Davis C.
Recent research on hypothesis testing strategies (the strategy a person uses to determine the correctness of a specific hypothesis) has produced contradictory results. The three strategies available have been labeled confirmatory, neutral, and disconfirmatory. Some research has found that a confirmatory testing style predominates, while other research has favored a neutral style. Hypothesis testing strategies were examined in the context of a cognitive mediational perspective. Subjects were 147 undergraduate students who completed two experiments and 23 counselors-in-training who completed the first experiment only. In experiment 1, all subjects were given descriptors of an extroverted or introverted person and then subjects were instructed to determine if a person they would soon meet matched those descriptors. Subjects were to choose 12 questions from a list of 26 that they would use to make their decisions. The first experiment ended with the question choosing. A computer was used to simulate the person (client) and to give responses. In the second experiment the computer became the questioner (counselor) and took a confirmatory, discomfirmatory, or neutral approach. The results showed that the neutral hypothesis testing strategy was preferred and was also rated as more trustworthy by undergraduates. A subject's choice of hypothesis testing strategy was found to be stable over time regardless of feedback from targets. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, 1985).