ERIC Number: ED267328
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Nonsupportive Aspects of Social Relationships.
Rook, Karen S.
Personal relationships can provide comfort and pleasure or strain and disappointment. Relationships which provide the greatest opportunities for support and companionship may also be the ones most open to negative exchanges. Theoretical perspectives can help predict how positive and negative interpersonal experiences can together affect well-being. Positive and negative interpersonal experiences may have equivalent but opposite effects. Positive and negative exchanges are probably not equal because few friendships would survive if they did not involve more positive than negative experiences. Some research has shown that negative social encounters have a disproportionate impact on well-being, outweighing positive supportive encounters. People are quite sensitive to negative experiences. The reasons for this sensitivity may involve the relative frequency of positive versus negative interpersonal events, the view that negative actions present no attributional ambiguity but invite inferences of malice, and an adaptive response to be vigilant about threats to one's person. Scaling of positive and negative exchanges would be useful in social interaction research. (ABL)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, 1985).