ERIC Number: ED266757
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Dec-4
Federal Student Aid and the Goal of Equal Opportunity: The Record and the Future.
Gladieux, Lawrence E.
The history of federal student financial aid legislation, 1965-1985, is traced, and problems faced in the mid-1980s, and possible future directions are considered. The Higher Education Act of 1965 was the first explicit federal commitment to equalizing college opportunities for needy students through grants and programs such as Talent Search. Some parts of the Higher Education Act, such as College Work-Study and Upward Bound, originated in the War on Poverty legislation. During the 1960s the emphasis was educational opportunity regardless of one's social or economic origins. The 1972 Amendments to the Higher Education Act expanded support to student aid and created a number of new programs; later aid to middle-income students was enacted. By 1980 the growth era for student aid was over. The traditional federal emphasis on subsidies for low-income students became diluted, and college enrollment rates among low-income and minority groups declined. While Guaranteed Student Loans (GSL) provide relief from the burden of costs, they may replace what families are capable of contributing. Two suggestions are offered: a fundamental change of student loan policy to relieve the demand on the highly subsidized, costly structure of the current GSL; and awarding student aid benefits in return for public and community service. (SW)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board, Washington, DC.
Note: Speech presented at the Anniversary Symposium of the Indiana Student Financial Aid Association (50th, Indianapolis, IN, December 4, 1985).