ERIC Number: ED266666
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: 0
Theory and Methodology: Do We Do What We Are Knowing?
Willis, J. D.
Language classroom activities fall into three categories: (1) citation, or samples, intended to exemplify the language system; (2) simulation; and (3) replication, activities with a definite nonlinguistic outcome, with communicative success or failure measured by the outcome, not by the language output itself. Instruction that relies primarily on citation and simulation activities regards learning as additive, predictable, and controlled, and it regards language as a defined lexico-grammatical system. Only by making replication activities the basis of the methodology can more creative theories of learning and richer descriptions of language be incorporated. A possible replication methodology contains seven components: student performance (carrying out a task using the target language), observation, teacher input, student analysis of native speaker text, rehearsal, students' review of their performance, and some minimal practice of target language forms. The components can be combined in many ways. and they can involve written and spoken language, but they should be used only in conditions promoting accurate production. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Communicative Language Teaching. Selected Papers from the RELC Seminar (Singapore, April 23-27, 1984). Anthology Series 14 (FL 015 507).