ERIC Number: ED266464
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Diagnosis in Revision: The Experts' Option. CDC Technical Report No. 27.
Flower, Linda; And Others
A study examined the role diagnosis plays in the process of revision. Seven student writers and seven expert writers were asked to revise a letter, written from one athletic coach to another discussing why women are reluctant to participate in college sports, for a handout recruiting freshman women. In addition to 26 explicitly "planted problems" (including spelling, punctuation, wordiness, and diction), the task implicitly called for changes in voice, genre, rhetorical stance, perceived audience, and style. Data were drawn from concurrent thinking aloud protocols, cued recall on all changes made, and a task given a week later in which the 26 planted problems were presented in a single sentence, and subjects were asked to identify them. Significant differences were found between the novice and expert writers in the areas of (1) recognizing global problems in writing, (2) turning maxims into action, (3) building a representation of complex problems, and (4) solving ill-defined problems. (Protocol excerpts and two case studies are included.) (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA. Communications Design Center.