ERIC Number: ED266422
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Investigations of Information Utilization during Fixations in Reading. Technical Report No. 356.
Blanchard, Harry E.
The acquisition of visual information, which occurs during eye fixations, involves two processes: registration (visual information becoming available to the brain) and utilization (visual information being used to further text comprehension). Registration occurs at the beginning of a fixation, while at least four possible patterns describe the points at which utilization occurs. It may occur: (1) immediately following registration; (2) from different regions at different times; (3) frequently throughout the fixation--continuous utilization; and (4) at a delimited point in time. In order to test these hypotheses, a series of experiments, all using a variation of the same methodology, was conducted. The results indicate that the fourth pattern--utilization occurring at a delimited point in time--best describes what occurs most typically during reading. Furthermore, the results present two possible versions of this hypothesis: that utilization takes place at the end of a fixation or after a fixation is terminated, and that the time of utilization varies--early or late in the fixation--influenced possibly by the needs of other on-going language processes. Further research is needed to examine these possibilities. (LLZ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.