ERIC Number: ED266399
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Classroom Instruction about Psychology and the Arms Race.
The relationship between opinions toward arms control and certain related beliefs was examined in two studies involving interventions designed to change those beliefs. In study 1, 131 college students who attended a "Psychology of the Nuclear Arms Race" lecture and 98 students who did not attend the lecture completed a 20-item questionnaire assessing arms control opinions and related beliefs. Study 2 used pre- and post-testing with the questionnaire to compare attitudes of 42 students who attended the lecture, 74 students who did not attend, and 18 students who took a "Psychology of the Nuclear Arms Race" 25-hour course. The results of the two studies revealed that students' opinions about arms control were related to their beliefs about: (1) the importance of nuclear weapon superiority; (2) Soviet arms control intentions; (3) the probability of nuclear war; and (4) the consequences of nuclear war. The students exposed to the interventions reported being more favorable toward arms control than did the control students. The findings suggest that students' opinions about arms control are affected by the number of beliefs held by them that are consistent with arms control, and that lectures and courses which address these beliefs from a psychological perspective have the potential to change students' opinions about arms control. Whether these conclusions can be generalized to other teachers, forums, and audiences deserves further study. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, 1985).