ERIC Number: ED266347
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Ecological Relevance of Memory Tests and the Prediction of Relapse in Alcoholics.
Sussman, Steve; And Others
Recent research suggests that alcoholic inpatients' performance on neuropsychological tests is predictive of their drinking status following discharge from alcohol rehabilitation programs, although no single test itself has been predictive of relapse. This study seeks to develop a ecologically relevant memory test that would predict relapse and could be easily administered to alcoholic inpatients. Participants were 56 male veterans ranging in age from 21 to 66 who were inpatients in an alcohol treatment program which advocated abstinence. Participants completed the Product Recall Test (PRT), an ecologically relevant test consisting of cut-out magazine advertisements placed on cards to test memory recall. The Memory-for-Designs Test (MFD) was administered as an ecologically irrelevant test for comparison. The results indicated that significantly more subjects who recalled less than or equal to one-half of the PRT test items relapsed. The MFD test showed no relationship to relapse. Poor performance on the ecologically relevant test may be related to relapse rates because those individuals with poor recall of real world items may be less socially effective and therefore more subject to relapse. The pages of references and statistical tables conclude the report. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, 1985).