ERIC Number: ED266306
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Assessment of a WIN Quality Training Demonstration Program. Final Report.
White, Richard N.; And Others
A project was begun in 1978 to test the feasibility of a high-skill training program that would prepare welfare recipients for well-paying jobs in the private sector. The training for this specially selected Work Incentive Program (WIN) was to be provided by two Bell and Howell schools, one in Columbus, Ohio, and the other in Chicago. Training consisted of a two-year program for electronics technicians. The WIN women who entered the program were older, usually black, heads of households, and academically weaker than the school's usual young, white, male students. Special counselors, tutoring, child care, and allowances were provided for the students selected. The program was evaluated after five years, comparing the specially selected WIN group with a regular short-term WIN training group. It was found that 53 of the women in the special group (29 percent) graduated--not much lower than the schools' graduation rate for regular students. However, the academic difficulties and personal problems that were largely responsible for the high dropout rate also affected the progress of those who managed to graduate; most graduated in more than two years. Employment information was obtained from graduates, dropouts, and comparison group members at two points in their careers. Following graduation, 34 (71 percent) of the WIN clients were successful in obtaining employment. Those who did find jobs were well paid; salaries averaged $12,883, considerably higher than the national average of $7,634 for women placed under the regular WIN program. However, cost-benefit analysis of the program showed that program costs were higher than either client wages or taxes paid by former clients could match, so the program received mixed ratings. (KC)
Descriptors: Associate Degrees, Cost Effectiveness, Disadvantaged Youth, Electronics, Employment Programs, Federal Programs, Females, Income, Job Placement, Job Training, Minority Groups, Nontraditional Students, Outcomes of Education, Program Costs, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Two Year Colleges, Welfare Services
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Policy, Evaluation and Research.
Authoring Institution: Bureau of Social Science Research, Inc., Washington, DC.