ERIC Number: ED266179
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Oct-3
Reference Count: N/A
Strategy-Selection in Question-Answering.
Reder, Lynne M.
This paper presents a general framework for the process of answering questions from memory. The focus is primarily on verification and recognition tasks. Six experiments support the assumptions of the proposed framework. The experiments are designed to address the following categories of inquiry: (1) Can we adjust our strategy preference to mirror the ratio of presented to non-presented statements in a story? (2) What strategy is preferred when both strategies always work? (3) Can people switch strategies from question to question based on advice preceding each one? (4) Can people estimate answerability faster than they can answer? (5) Binary responding for estimate versus answer; and (6) Can our estimation process be subverted by spurious familiarity? The first three experiments show that strategy-selection is under the strategic control of subject and that contextual variables affect this selection. Experiments 4 and 5 suggest that strategy selection also involves evaluating the question itself; Experiment 6 suggests variables that influence the evaluation of the question. This model is shown to be consistent with processing strategies in domains other than question-answering. (Author/LMO)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA. Dept. of Psychology.