ERIC Number: ED266177
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Asymptotic Properties of Induced Maximum Likelihood Estimates of Nonlinear Models for Item Response Variables: The Finite-Generic-Item-Pool Case.
Jones, Douglas H.
The progress of modern mental test theory depends very much on the techniques of maximum likelihood estimation, and many popular applications make use of likelihoods induced by logistic item response models. While, in reality, item responses are nonreplicate within a single examinee and the logistic models are only ideal, practitioners make inferences using the asymptotic distribution of the maximum likelihood estimator derived as if item responses were replicated and satisfied their ideal model. This article proposes a sample space acknowledging these two realities and derives the asymptotic distribution of the induced maximum likelihood estimator. It is assumed that items, while sampled from an infinite set of items, have but a finite domain of alternate response functions. Using the proposed sample space, the statistical functional approach of von Mises is applied to derive the influence curve of the maximum likelihood estimator; to discuss related robustness properties; and to derive new classes of resistent estimators. This article's general purpose is revealing the value of these methods for uncovering the relative merits of different item response functions. Proofs and mathematical derivations are minimized to increase the accessibility of this complex subject. (Author/LMO)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Advanced Statistical Technologies Corp., Lawrenceville, NJ.