ERIC Number: ED266155
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Social vs. Clinical Perspectives on the Use of Information: Implications for School-based Information Systems. Systemic Evaluation Project.
Sirotnik, Kenneth A.; And Others
This paper presents a study of the contrast of social and clinical perspectives on the selection and use of information by school staff, including: (1) an outline of the context and activities of the study; (2) a definition and discussion of the basic distinction between social and clinical perspectives; (3) an examination of case material accumulated from the study; and (4) a discussion of implications for school-based information systems. The study was conducted in a three-year secondary school of approximately 2,000 students, just outside of the greater Los Angeles area. A selected group of five to ten teachers, two administrators, and a counselor helped to develop the means whereby the district's extant information system could be modified or augmented to better meet the needs of staff at the building level. Three reporting mechanisms were designed for organizing student information: Student-At-A-Glance, Class-At-A-Glance, and School-At-A-Glance. The last phase of the study revolved around the actual use of reports by school staff. The ongoing assumption derived from the study is that multilevel analysis and interpretation of school-based information has an immense potential for facilitating individual-diagnostic, class-instructional, and school-organizational planning decisions and evaluations. (LMO)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for the Study of Evaluation.