ERIC Number: ED266080
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: 0
What Have We Learned from Instructional Technology?
Daniel, Robert S.
In this discussion of various educational technologies that have come and gone during the past 40 years in the teaching of psychology, factors affecting the effectiveness of teaching technologies are discussed and six technological innovations are reviewed. These are: (1) teaching by motion picture films; (2) closed circuit television; (3) teaching machines; (4) programmed textbooks; (5) Keller's Personalized System of Instruction; and (6) computer-assisted instruction. Despite efforts to determine which methods and technologies work best, researchers surmise that no significant differences in effectiveness have been found either because there are no real differences, the effectiveness of the teaching method depends on one or more attributes of the student, and/or the effectiveness of the teaching method depends on the impact of the teacher as a person. Parallels from a passage describing the ideal counselor-client relationship are drawn to illustrate the importance of the teacher-student relationship. Next, six roles of the teacher are identified and five key points concerning educational technology are made: (1) that there is a need to concentrate on the teacher's role as a socializing agent, ego ideal, and person; (2) that technologies eliminate opportunites for interpersonal functions by exaggerating the importance of information transmission; (3) that assessment should be based on student maturation, inspiration, and collegiality; (4) that teachers should not replace teaching with technology; and (5) that teachers need to become more "user friendly" to compensate for the increasing role of technology in the educational process. (LH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Mid-American Conference for Teachers of Psychology (2nd, Evansville, IN, October 18, 1985).