ERIC Number: ED266061
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Nov-1
Reference Count: N/A
The Challenges for Sub-Saharan Africa. Sir John Crawford Memorial Lecture (1st, Washington, DC, November 1, 1985).
McNamara, Robert S.
The economic crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa threatens to condemn an entire continent to human misery unless stronger action is taken to control population growth, reverse ecological devastation, eliminate distortions in domestic economic policies, and increase external development finance. Substantial increases in financial assistance to Africa are needed, including a raise in bilateral aid of at least 30 percent per year, increased assistance of the World Bank, further debt rescheduling, and establishment of special research programs to increase the world's understanding of African ecological issues. Outside assistance, however, must be matched by internal efforts, including efforts to change a number of disturbing domestic political policies, eliminate pervasive corruption, stop the use of scarce resources for defense and luxury projects, and reverse repression of internal dissent. Appendices include statistical data on basic indicators (Gross National Product, adult literacy, life expectancy, infant mortality, growth of per capita food production, levels of food imports, external debt and debt service, net transfers of external finance, and actual and projected populations. (LP)
Descriptors: Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Ecology, Economic Development, Environmental Influences, Financial Needs, Financial Policy, Financial Support, International Programs, Natural Resources, Population Education, Population Trends, Quality of Life, Social Problems, World Problems
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, 1818 H St., N.W., Washington, DC 20433.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa