ERIC Number: ED266049
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
A Cultural Context for Japanese Education.
Wojtan, Linda S.
News and Notes on the Social Sciences, Spr 1984-85
Certain Japanese educational practices serving as worthwhile examples to the United States' educational system are highlighted in this overview of Japanese education. However, it is stressed that because the United States and the Japanese educational systems are dependent upon their social context and exist in a symbiotic relationship within that context, the United States should refrain from refashioning its educational systems on Japanese patterns of success. The article begins by tracing the history of the Japanese system up until the period following World War II when the Japanese system underwent drastic changes in efforts to become more democratic. A brief section summarizing contemporary Japanese education is followed by an examination of some its objectives and values. Three positive ways in which Japanese society shows support for its educational system are described: (1) Japanese society fosters a love of learning (a 99 percent literacy rate), promotes the notion of success through long-term goals attained by hard work, and rejoices in the celebration of music, literature, and the arts; (2) educational funding reflects the high priority placed on education; and (3) family life in Japan provides strong support for education. Focusing on positive and negative aspects of Japanese education, the final section comments on the high level of prestige and upward mobility awarded Japanese teachers, Japan's rigorous formal and informal curriculum, and Japan's heavy reliance upon an examination system. (LH)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Comparative Education, Cultural Influences, Curriculum, Educational Objectives, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Foreign Culture, Intellectual History, Public Education, Social Attitudes, Social Influences, Success
East Asian Studies Center-Outreach Services, Memorial Hall West #203-205, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (Free while quantity lasts).
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington. East Asian Studies Center.
Identifiers - Location: Japan