ERIC Number: ED266027
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering.
Crowley, Michael F.; Lane, Melissa J.
This statistical review, the third in a biennial series mandated by Public Law 96-516, provides a comprehensive overview of the participation of women and minorities and the physically handicapped in science and engineering (S/E). To provide perspective, both long term (1976-1984) and short term (1982-1984) trends are presented. The report consists of three chapters. The first chapter examines the representation and utilization of women in S/E, considering employment levels and trends, field, experience, career patterns, and labor market conditions. The second chapter presents similar information for Blacks, Asians, Native Americans, Hispanics, and the physically handicapped in S/E. The third chapter examines the acquisition of scientific and engineering skills of women and minorities and highlights differences with men and the majority in achievement, test performance, academic coursework, and degree production. An appendix includes 55 statistical tables. One finding noted is that the employment of women scientists and engineers increased by 157 percent between 1976 and 1984, compared with about 63 percent for men. No recommendations on programs or policies are offered, since, in conformance with the legislation, the report serves as an information source for policymakers and others interested in this area. (JN)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Note: For the two prior reports in this series, see ED 216 890 and ED 241 321. For an earlier report (1977) see ED 147 098.