ERIC Number: ED265997
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Dropout and Functional Illiteracy Rates in Central Appalachia. Appalachian Data Bank Report #1.
Crew, B. Keith; And Others
Computerized analysis of 1980 Census data documented educational deficiencies in 85 Central Appalachian counties of Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. Dropout rates among youth ages 16-19 were found to be higher in Central Appalachian counties than in non-Central Appalachian counties, the poorest counties had the highest dropout rates, and eastern Kentucky counties had the highest illiteracy rate as indicated by percentage of adults with less than an eighth-grade education. The 85 counties showed similarities that cut across state boundaries and set them apart as a group from other Appalachian and non-Appalachian counties. Among the similarities were high poverty levels, financial hardship for local school districts, and low percentage of school revenue from local sources. Data suggested that high dropout rates and adult illiteracy may not reflect a failure of the schools so much as general social and economic conditions. A map of Central Appalachia is included. Four figures show comparisons of: dropout rates in Central Appalachian counties compared with the rest of the counties in each state; dropout rates by poverty level in Central and non-Central Appalachia; county illiteracy rates by states; and dropout percentages, educational levels, percent below poverty, percent of school revenue received from local sources, annual expenditure per student, and pupil-teacher ratio. (LFL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Practitioners; Community
Authoring Institution: Kentucky Univ., Lexington. Appalachian Center.
Identifiers - Location: Kentucky; Tennessee; Virginia; West Virginia