ERIC Number: ED265960
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Jul-15
Reference Count: N/A
Human Development: The Early Years.
Schmidt, W. H. O.
This study paper discusses (1) changing emphases and current interpretations of child development; (2) the context of family, culture, and education within which children develop; (3) the transition to school; and (4) new issues concerning children, parents, and teachers in society today. Section 1 establishes 1959 as an approximate turning point at which child development research began to emphasize cognitive development. Discussion focuses on the impact of Piaget's theory, Weikart's use of Piaget's theories, the environmental views of Basil Bernstein, and Smedslund's critique of Piaget. Section 2 describes the child in the social, physical, institutional, and symbolic worlds; subsequent discussion gives special attention to communication and the acquisition of language. Section 3 explores implications of brain research for determining children's readiness for school, focusing especially on the views of Bernice McCarthy concerning different functions of brain hemispheres. Her model for looking at different learning styles and modes of processing information is described along with other aspects of her work, including the need to evaluate children learning differently through different styles. Section 4 concerns issues such as changes in family and parent role, gender development, peer influences, racial awareness, minority children in Alberta, child rearing, the special problems of adolescents, and implications for schools. (RH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Early Childhood Services.
Identifiers - Location: Canada