ERIC Number: ED265916
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Psychological Anthropology: A Modular Approach. Cultural Anthropology.
Designed for use as supplementary instructional material in a cultural anthropology course, this learning module traces the history of psychological anthropology, introducing various schools and perspectives within the field of psychology. First, a discussion is provided of biological determinism, examining its historical development and the extreme interpretations of the biological perspective popular in Germany following World War I. Next, physiological psychology is explained in terms of its focus on the brain and nervous system, electrical models of brain functioning, biofeedback, and chemical models of behavior. The next section looks at the contributions of Sigmund Freud, describing his theories of id, ego, and superego; oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital stages; and the oedipal and electra complexes. The work of Carl Gustav Jung is considered next, with focus on his theories of the collective unconscious and archetypes. The final sections provide an overview of gestalt psychology as championed by Dr. Fritz Perls, which examines behavior from a wholistic perspective; and behaviorism as understood from the work of Ivan Pavlov and B. F. Skinner. Performance activities related to the module are included. (LAL)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Learner
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: College of Marin, Kentfield, CA.