ERIC Number: ED265840
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Parent-Child Communication about Television: A View from the Parent's Perspective.
Gantz, Walter; Weaver, James B., III
This study examined both general and specific parent-child television viewing experiences together with any interactions related to television viewing whether the child has watched television with a parent or alone. A total of 384 telephone interviews of parents (57% female, 43% male) with children at home between the ages of 6 and 18 were conducted in a major midwest market. The questionnaire elicited information on: general patterns of both individual and joint (parent-child) exposure to television; general patterns of parent-child conversations about television; specific parent-child TV-related conversations recalled from the previous evening; and relevant demographic and communication variables. Respondents reported watching television with their child an average of 4 days per week; one in three (34%) said every day. Most (59%) said that when they watched television with their child, it was because they both wanted to watch at the same time. Parents appeared to have ambivalent feelings toward talking about TV with their child. While 79% said that it was at least somewhat important and 30% said very important, relatively few reported really enjoying such conversations. In addition, children did not appear to talk with their parents about the programs they watched alone; 53% said such discussion occurred, at most, occasionally. These findings suggest that the form and content of television may serve to minimize rather than facilitate communication among co-viewers, although the frequency, duration, and quality of conversations about television may be no different than other non-television related conversations between parents and children. Additional survey and experimental examinations are called for to continue to collect data on television's role in the context of family relationships. A bibliography and five data tables complete the document. (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (Gainesville, FL, August 1984).