ERIC Number: ED265812
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Salary Comparisons of 1979-80 College Graduates, by Sex in May 1981. Analytic Report.
Crane, Jane L.
The relationship between background characteristics and salaries of male and female college graduates was assessed, and causes for salary differences were investigated. Data were drawn from the 1981 Survey of 1979-80 College Graduates, which covered individuals who received bachelor's or master's degrees from July 1, 1979, to June 30, 1980. A sample of 15,852 graduates from a nationally representative sample of 286 institutions was selected. The average salary in May 1981 for full-time employed male college graduates was $17,000, compared to $13,400 for females. The salary differences between male and female graduates were analyzed using a descriptive approach, regression analysis, and the decomposition-of-means technique. It was found that men outnumbered women in the high-paying occupation and major field categories, while women outnumbered men in the low-paying categories. While half the difference in predicted salary was attributed to women choosing lower-paying industries and occupations, the other half appears attributable to a lower rate-of-return for females compared to males on all predictor variables. Extensive appendices provide statistical findings and information on predictor variables, the survey and sampling procedures, frequency distributions and salaries categorized by occupation, major field of study, industrial grouping, marital status, region, race/ethnicity, and full-time work experience. (SW)
Descriptors: Bachelors Degrees, Career Choice, College Graduates, Comparative Analysis, Education Work Relationship, Employment Level, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females, Higher Education, Males, Masters Degrees, National Surveys, Predictor Variables, Regression (Statistics), Salaries, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Differences
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.