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ERIC Number: ED265539
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluating the Difficulty of Cursive, Manuscript, Italic and D'Nealian Handwriting.
Duvall, Betty
A study was conducted to establish a process for evaluating the difficulty of different handwritten letter forms. A criterion for calculating difficulty scores was delineated and four sets of letter forms were evaluated: manuscript, cursive, italic, and D'Nealian. Using the criterion, small letters were given a score of difficulty, the sum of which determined the difficulty of a style of handwriting. Maturation and move scores were calculated to determine the hand movement difficulty; beginning and estimation scores were calculated to determine the visual memory difficulty; and retrace and touch scores were calculated to determine the control of movement difficulty. The results indicated that cursive had high maturation and hand movement difficulty scores, indicating that cursive was the most difficult style to write and that it may not be a suitable style for beginning writers. The high visual memory score of manuscript suggests that students with poor visual memory would find it difficult to use. D'Nealian, although not as difficult as cursive, was slightly more difficult than manuscript. The scores for italic writing indicated that it was the least difficult to write, and offers the best alternative to manuscript with a transition to cursive. The change from italic print to an italic cursive writing is the natural joining of the same letter forms as speed increases. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A