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ERIC Number: ED265519
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Dec-4
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Strategic Abilities of Above Average and Average High School Students: A Function of Text Conditions.
Kinney, Martha A.
A study investigated the ability of above average and average high school students to use text structure to identify main ideas and write a summary. Schema possession of 388 sophomores was assessed by measuring their ability to organize the components of a scrambled passage. Only 10 students in the above average and 20 in the average ability groupings were used in the analysis; no low ability students qualified. Students were then asked to read an adversative passage and rate the individual propositions according to importance, and to read an additional passage on an alternative topic and write a summary of main ideas. The results supported the hypothesis that while average students use the same strategies as high ability students, due to the lack of automaticity in processing certain text components (e.g., unfamiliar topic, difficult vocabulary, unsignaled text,) a bottleneck occurs and average students cannot apply these strategies. Given easy text or text written on a familiar topic, average ability students used text structure to write summaries comparable to those of high ability students. However, neither topic familiarity nor ease of text aided average students in the main idea rating task. The results suggest that high ability students are more metacognitively aware than average students. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A