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ERIC Number: ED265514
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Dec
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Anaphora in Basal Reader Selections: How Frequently Do They Occur?
Baumann, James F.
To determine how frequently various forms of anaphora appear in materials written for children, 1,000-word excerpts were analyzed from the second, fourth, and sixth grade texts of four basal reader series. The basal programs consisted of the "Ginn Reading Program," the "Houghton Mifflin Reading Program,""Scott, Foresman Reading," and "Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Bookmark Reading Program, Eagle Edition." A taxonomy of anaphoric relationships consisting of three main categories (noun substitutes, verb substitutes, and causal substitutes), each of which is broken down in various subcategories of anaphora, was used for identifying and classifying anaphora. The findings revealed that (1) the frequency of anaphora did not differ as a function of grade level of text; (2) the frequency of anaphora in narrative selections was significantly greater than in expository selections; (3) the frequency of anaphora differed as a function of publisher, and this could be traced primarily to significantly lower frequencies for the demonstrative, other pronouns, locative, and temporal categories for the Harcourt Brace Jovanovich series; and (4) grade level of basal reader, text genre, and publisher did not interact in any way. (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A