ERIC Number: ED265496
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Cognitive Domain: The Last Frontier. Final Report of the Regional Study Award Project.
Clary, Joan; Mahaffy, John
The theoretical foundations of thinking skills models differ. One category of thinking skills programs uses the cognitive process approach on the premise that thinking abilities depend upon certain fundamental processes. Thinking skills programs that present a strategic approach to thinking are called heuristics-oriented programs, and focus on an intellectual route to problem solving. The Piagetian approach groups thinking skills in a developmental scheme. In another perspective of thinking skills, it is believed unlikely that one's language competence can be enhanced without a corresponding improvement in one's ability to think and vice versa. In yet another category, thinking with its identified subskills should be taught as a subject in itself. Closely related to the teaching of thinking skills is the "thinking about thinking" model called metacognition. Researchers are suggesting that examining how one thinks will increase and strengthen thinking skills. Published programs and approaches to the teaching of thinking skills include (1) Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, (2) the CORT Thinking Program, and (3) Feurestein Instructional Enrichment. Background, content and materials, and intended audience for each program are described. (HOD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR. Center for Professional Development.