ERIC Number: ED265484
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Self Concept and Gender Role: An Open-Ended Inquiry.
Jackson, Linda A.
Much research on masculinity and femininity has relied on the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) and similar androgyny inventories. Recently, investigators have questioned whether self ratings on androgyny inventories reflect salient dimensions of the self. The relations between spontaneous self descriptions and the respondent's gender and gender role were examined in 503 undergraduates. Males and females categorized by their responses on the BSRI short form as masculine, feminine, androgynous, or undifferentiated provided open-ended responses to the query "I AM" which were coded according to their gender-related and gender-neutral content. Results indicated that gender role influenced the frequency with which gender-related traits were used in self descriptions. Persons categorized as masculine or feminine more frequently used desirable masculine and feminine personality traits, respectively, in their self descriptions. Androgynous persons used both sets of desirable traits in describing themselves. These findings suggest that androgyny inventories, such as the BSRI, may provide valid measures of desirable masculine and feminine traits in the self concept. However, there was little correspondence between gender role and self references to gender behaviors. Moreover, the predominance of gender neutral traits in self descriptions suggested that the salience of gender to the self concept may be overestimated. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, 1985).