ERIC Number: ED265483
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Gender Differences: Effects of Stress on Expressed and Received Abuse.
Rose, Patricia; Marshall, Linda L.
Abuse between intimates has begun to be examined. Recent research has studied the incidence and causes of violence in marriages and in premarital relationships. A study was conducted to examine the level of intimate violence, patterns of violence for each gender, and the relationship of stress to violence in adult relationships. Study participants (N=336) were undergraduate students. Females made up 51.8 percent of the sample and males made up 48.2 percent, with subjects ranging in age from 17 to 52. Demographic information, the receipt and expression of violence in adult relationships in the previous 12 months, and the number of stressful life events were measured by questionnaires. Over one-half of the respondents reported expressing or receiving physical abuse at least once. Few reported serious violence but this may have been due to the young age of the sample. Females were more likely to have expressed physical violence than were males but both sexes reported similar rates of received violence. The number of stressful events was significantly correlated with the expression and receipt of violence. The relationship between the expression and receipt of violence and the perception of aggression and victimization should be further explored in future research. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, 1985).