ERIC Number: ED265458
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Cuban Elderly and Their Service Utilization Behavior.
Starrett, Richard A.; And Others
In 1979-80, a national study used a combination of the Older Americans Resources and Services Functional Assessment Questionnaire and the Subjective Distress Scale of Psychiatric Status Schedule to assess the service needs of the Hispanic elderly. Thirty variables were selected from this data and categorized using Anderson and Newman's (1973) framework for classifying individual determinants of service use to determine which factors predict the social service use of a subset of 209 Cuban elderly. This framework conceptualizes the individual's demand for services as a function of the relationship among predisposing, enabling, and need factors. A path analysis used to examine the relative importance of the factors indicated that six variables directly impacted the use of social services by the Cuban elderly and accounted for 45.5 percent of the variance in use. The strongest predictors of use were the enabling factors of awareness and income, followed by the predisposing factors of nativity, age density, and age, and by one need factor, the need for services. These findings suggest that the Cuban elderly (who have a higher frequency of awareness of social services, lower income, greater frequency of need, are foreign born, live in rural areas, and are older) have a tendency to use more social services. Social service delivery systems should focus more attention on the Cuban elderly who possess these characteristics. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society (38th, New Orleans, LA, November 22-26, 1985).