ERIC Number: ED265427
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Father Involvement, Sex-Typing and the Toy Play of Children.
Adubato, Susan A.
Children are encouraged early in life to adopt socially appropriate sex-role activities and behaviors. Parents influence their children's behavior and attitudes through the toys they choose for the children and the toy play they sanction. The term androgynous is used to indicate the blending of masculine and feminine characteristics. This study examines the effects of the degree of father involvement on sex-role orientation of the fathers and the children and on the child's sex-typed toy play. It was hypothesized that increased father involvement would reduce sex-role classification. Participants included 90 4-year-old children enrolled in day care and their parents who were of middle to upper middle socioeconomic status. Both parents filled out independent descriptions of typical weeks of their children. From this, the families were classified as high or low in father involvement. Using the Children's Sex-Role Inventory (CSRI), children were classified as androgynous, masculine, feminine, or undifferentiated based on their toy preferences. Results suggested no direct relationship between father involvement and cross-sexed toy play. The study is limited for two reasons: the total degree of father involvement was low and most of the children spent a large portion of their week in day care. Further study might examine fathers who are prime caregivers. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, 1985).