ERIC Number: ED265266
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
Private Schools and National Policy: A Comparative Study of Australia and the U.S.A.
Jones, Thomas A.
This paper summarizes the findings of a questionnaire study comparing government aid to private schools in Australia and the United States. The study drew questions from those raised in a hearing of the Senate Committee on finance about tax credits for private schools. The paper covers the answers of ten Australian respondents, given in the form of composite summaries on each topic considered. It was found that Australian parents chose non-government schools largely for religious and social reasons. Government aid has had no special regulatory effects on non-government schools, but pressures for more regulation are emerging. Government schools are more comprehensive both in terms of regions served and courses. Vocational and special education curricula impose costs on the government sector which the private sector does not have to provide. However, non-government schools offer extracurricular activities for which student and teacher participation is required, unlike in government schools. Student achievement is higher in non-government schools, due to their more selective clientele and emphasis on test success. Non-government leaders believe their schools serve a fundamentally religious or ethical purpose, while the government schools accept the values of the secular culture and must be socially comprehensive if they are to achieve their social mission. The final section deals with the major differences in institutional arrangements for students and teachers in the private and public schools. The areas covered are personality development and student discipline, academic achievement, staff attitudes and activities, the issues of choice and conformity, and the classroom environment. (CG)
Publication Type: Reports - General; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; United States