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ERIC Number: ED265262
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Mao to Now.
Gillespie, Ros; Collins, Colin
After the death of Chairman Mao in 1976, the educational and economic policies of the People's Republic of China changed dramatically. From 1966 to 1976, the central concern of the Cultural Revolution was the distribution of wealth and power. The primary educational goal of this period was to transform the attitudes and thinking of the Chinese people, to conduct an uninterrupted revolution against class society. In contrast, since 1976 the policies known as the "Four Modernizations" have focused on developing the means of the forces of production through supposedly neutral techniques which originated in the capitalist world. The Modernizers, led by Deng Xioping, believe that the main function of schools is to teach students the skills that will enable them to become productive laborers. By pushing brighter students ahead of slower ones, this system forces the social division between manual and intellectual labor in order to promote rapid progress of the Chinese economy. There will be time later, it is believed, to teach people the importance of a socialist political conciousness. This ideology, currently dominant, has given China the appearance of being too capitalistic in the eyes of Western Marxists, and many believe that a new revolution will be necessary to reverse it. In the main, however, Chinese society and education remain socialist. Actually, the two lines of thought, "Maoist" and "Modernist," have always co-existed in China, with one or the other dominating at a particular time. Still, the present system will produce a technocratic elite who may well replace the political elite, but this will depend on how the new elite is rewarded and controlled. (KH)
Publication Type: Reports - General; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China