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ERIC Number: ED265260
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Montessori and Krishnamurti: A Comparison of Their Educational Philosophies and Schools in Practice in the U.S. and India.
Currie, Jan; Breadmore, Jim
The educational philosophies of Maria Montessori and Jiddu Krishnamurti are compared and contrasted in this paper. The discussion is based on texts by both educators and direct observation of some of the schools (United States, Australia and India) where these ideas are being implemented. First, general principles of each educator are discussed. Both are said to have condemned traditional approaches to education and to have objected to the record of state involvement in education. The next three sections describe their ideas regarding: (1) how children learn and the role children should take in their own education; (2) the attributes, characteristics, and training of teachers, and the teacher-child relationship; and (3) the proper education environment, with focus on discipline, competition, evaluation, and the use of methods. In conclusion, it is said that Montessori's and Krishnamurti's philosophies have more similarities than differences. Children love being at both kinds of school. Their schools have successfully deinstitutionalized the learning process and made the teacher-pupil relationship a caring and loving one. The major difference between the two types of education is the approach to method: Krishnamurti scorns adopting a particular method while Montessori tried to design a method that was based on her observation of the "natural" child. (KH)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: India