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ERIC Number: ED265258
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Educational Issues in Contemporary Japan.
Okano, Kaori
For many outsiders, Japanese education evokes a picture of exaggerated competitiveness. The whole educational process tends to be aimed at the university entrance examination, and this emphasis imposes formidable psychological pressure on young adolescents. Preoccupied with preparation for the upper schools, Japanese educators seem to have forgotton the task of achieving the full development of individuals. This situation results, in part, from the severe competition for admission to Japan's higher-ranking universities. Regardless of family background and birthplace, a student is almost guaranteed a better life if he or she gains admission to a more selective school. Recent reform efforts, such as the 1979 University Entrance Reform, offered merely incremental changes. Once accepted at the University, however, a student's life is relatively undemanding; the function of the universities is social selection, not education. Although 76.8% of university students attend private institutions, most of Japan's private universities are poorly funded. Thus, most students study under poor conditions and pay more for less education. Finally, Japanese universities are isolated at the inter-department, inter-university, and international levels. In hiring staff, preferential treatment is always given to school alumni, and departments tend to be mutually exclusive. Moreover, the number of foreign teachers and students at Japanese universities is significantly small. (KH)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan