ERIC Number: ED265007
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Structural Changes in Illinois Agriculture and Industry: Impact on Illinois School Finance. Series E. Agricultural Economics. No. 85-E-335.
Chicoine, David L.; Langston, Suzanne W.
Simulation of changes through 1988-89 in the distribution of general school aid (GSA) in Illinois demonstrated implications of a dual state economy for educational finance. Agricultural and heavy manufacturing areas were found to have suffered loss of tax revenue while service and light industry areas experienced increased revenue. Downstate manufacturing cities and rural districts were projected to receive a larger share of GSA while other areas of the state would receive a lesser share. School districts serving rural agricultural areas and smaller towns would receive 80% of the gain. Major conclusions of the simulation were that poor economic performance of agriculture and manufacturing would limit fiscal capacity of many school districts and eventually cause redistributions of state aid. Questions were raised about the ability of school districts to finance already legislated reforms without increases in GSA and about the use of school consolidation to increase fiscal capacity. The foundation for school financial reform was seen to be linkages between economic performance, property tax base, and local fiscal capacity. Maps illustrate change in personal income, manufacturing, and real estate assessments; tables and figures present state financial balances, farmland assessments, estimated change in GSA, and growth in income and sales tax receipts. (LFL)
Descriptors: Consolidated Schools, Differences, Educational Equity (Finance), Educational Finance, Equalization Aid, Finance Reform, Financial Policy, Fiscal Capacity, Futures (of Society), Policy Formation, Property Taxes, Regional Characteristics, Rural Areas, Rural Economics, School Support, Simulation, State Aid
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Dept. of Agricultural Economics, 1301 W. Gregory St., Urbana, IL 61801 (free)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Community
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Illinois Univ., Urbana. Agricultural Experiment Station.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Dept. of Agricultural Economics.
Identifiers - Location: Illinois