ERIC Number: ED265002
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Oct
Reference Count: 0
The Development of the Outdoor Leadership Training Simulator.
Ewert, Alan; Hollenhorst, Steven
A leadership simulation model, patterned after the avalanche simulator used by the United States Forest Service and applicable within a variety of field situations (outdoor camps, church groups, commercial enterprises) can augment the development and observation of outdoor leaders. The model includes both a broad base of practitioner inputs and an interaction component between the player, control team, and audience and is permeable to input before, during, and after the simulation exercise. The model is designed as both an evaluative tool and learning exercise and moves from a predominance of control team input at the start to one of increasing feedback between the audience and players. The model consists of the following steps: (1) initial design of simulator; (2) initial scenario development; (3) pilot run for major design flaws and acceptance by other professions in the field; (4) modifications of concept thought to be useful or deleted if unwarranted; (5) redesign scenario using panel of experts; (6) presentation of final package. The model includes five components: control team; player(s); audience; scenario(s); and communication equipment (radios, slides, overheads, hand-outs, etc.). In designing scenarios, five considerations must be addressed: time setting, environmental setting, level of detail, level of expertise, and credibility. (NEC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Association of Experiential Education (12th, Lake Junaluska, NC, October 4-7, 1984).