ERIC Number: ED264993
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Oct
Economic Structure and Change in Persistently Low-Income Nonmetro Counties.
Hoppe, Robert A.
Some nonmetropolitan counties, largely in the southern United States, remained severely economically depressed during the 1970's despite nonmetro America's economic gains during the period; other severely economically depressed counties improved their incomes in the 1970's. This report builds on an earlier study which identified 298 persistently low-income nonmetro counties during 1950-1970 and uses discriminant analysis to examine what happened to those counties during 1975 and 1979. The 231 counties which retained low-income status had higher rates of work disabilities, larger nonwhite populations, more female-headed families, fewer high school graduates, fewer workers, depended heavily on transfer payments for income, and had a poverty rate much above the nonmetro average. Twenty-seven counties escaped low-income status during 1975 and 1979 primarily through nonfarm industries such as services, manufacturing, and mining. Despite falling farm incomes 11 counties escaped low-income status in 1979 because they were predominately retirement or college counties or adjacent to urban areas. Tables present demographic and economic characteristics of nonmetro and low-income counties. Appendices containing tables compare southern low-income counties with other southern counties and describe use of discriminate analysis. (LFL)
Descriptors: Demography, Discriminant Analysis, Economic Change, Economic Factors, Employment Patterns, Females, Income, Low Income Counties, Poverty, Poverty Areas, Regional Characteristics, Rural Areas, Rural Economics, Socioeconomic Status
Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.