ERIC Number: ED264806
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: 0
Academic Program Reviews: Institutional Approaches, Expectations, and Controversies. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 5, 1985.
Conrad, Clifton F.; Wilson, Richard F.
Purposes for academic program review and diverse institutional approaches to college program review are considered, along with possible outcomes and ways to improve program review. Attention is directed to program review practices at 30 representatives institutions. As background, predominant types of program review over the past 15 years levels are briefly addressed: state-review, multicampus system review, and college review. At the college level, major issues include: choosing programs to review, accommodating multiple purposes, selecting an evaluation model, assessing quality, using external reviewers, increasing use of evaluations, and assessing the impact of evaluations. Program reviews at most institutions draw heavily on one or more of several models: goal-based, responsive, decision-making, or connoisseurship. Four different perspectives have been offered on how quality should be defined: the reputational view, the resources view, the outcomes view, and the value-added view. Criteria for evaluating programs include: quality of faculty, students, curricula, support services, the relevance of the program to mission, student demand and demand for graduates, and costs. Ten tentative proposals for improving program review are offered that relate to purposes, processes, and use of results. (SW)
Descriptors: Case Studies, College Programs, Decision Making, Educational Change, Educational Quality, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods, Higher Education, Institutional Evaluation, Institutional Research, Models, Program Evaluation, Self Evaluation (Groups)
Association for the Study of Higher Education, Publications Department, One Dupont Circle, Suite 630, Washington, DC 20036 ($7.50, nonmembers; $6.00, members).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Policymakers
Authoring Institution: Association for the Study of Higher Education.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.