ERIC Number: ED264709
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: 0
Preschool Programming: A Legal and Educational Discussion of Mainstreaming and Intensity of Service Issues.
Edmister, Patricia; Ekstrand, Richard E.
The paper reviews aspects of preschool special education from three perspectives: (1) existing federal and state laws, (2) the state of the art, (3) legal decisions and implications. Discretionary interpretations of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504) regarding preschool special education are cited. Ways in which states choose to exercise other discretionary rights and their effects on services are noted. The concept of appropriate education as ruled by the Supreme Court in the "Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District vs. Rowley" is analyzed along with research results which suggest that for many handicapped preschoolers, half-day programs meet the requisite of a free appropriate public education. Issues in mainstreaming are examined and weaknesses of efficacy studies on the topic are noted. Social benefits of mainstreaming are cited. The paper concludes with an analysis of a public school system's legal duty to provide mainstreaming to preschool handicapped children when it does not provide services to nonhandicapped students of the same age. (CL)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A