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ERIC Number: ED264643
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
Pages: 43
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Fraser & Reagan "New Federalism": Politics of Education in Times of Economic Recession.
Smart, Don
The "new federalism" policies of the conservative governments of Malcolm Fraser in Australia (1975-1982) and Ronald Reagan in the United States (1980-1985) are remarkably similar. Both men rode to power on the wave of conservative political, economic and social forces which swept the United States and Australia in the late 1970's. Both espoused "new federalism" policies which included such common elements as transferring more power and financial responsibility from the national government to the states; reducing the huge federal deficits by cutting federal expenditures--primarily in social welfare and related areas; and deregulation of federal "red tape" in dealings with industry and the states. These broader policies affected education when both leaders sought with varying degrees of success to reduce the federal role in education significantly through (1) strategies for reducing federal education spending; (2) organizational changes aimed at eliminating or weakening federal education agencies; (3) politicization of the personnel of federal agencies; and (4) policies fostering private schooling at the expense of public schooling. The two leaders found limited success in achieving their "new federalism" goals in education, and a continued role for the federal government in education can be foreseen in both countries. (Author/PGD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; United States