ERIC Number: ED264637
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: N/A
Computers and Individualized Instruction: Moving to Alternative Learning Environments.
Robbat, Richard J.
The overall focus of this booklet is on planning for change that allows for integration of computers into articulated learning environments that will enhance the learning goal of students. The first chapter presents four major themes to increase the likelihood of combining computers and individualized instruction in schools: (1) a revitalized form of computer-assisted instruction (CAI); (2) the utilization of computers by students for their own learning goals; (3) the use of a comprehensive instructional management system; and (4) the willingness of educators to provide alternative educational environments in harmony with technology. Chapter 2 begins the discussion of CAI with a brief history and moves to the four levels of CAI that range from drill and practice to systems that create a model for each student and modify it as learning progresses. Chapter 3 presents a Student-Computer Integrated Learning (SCIL) model that shifts the focus from students being passive recipients to their use of computers as a medium for learning. This model makes extensive use of computer-based simulations. Ways to reorganize schools consistent with SCIL that would personalize an individual's educational experiences are suggested in chapter 4. In chapter 5, a 4-year training program, using the "coaching" model, is proposed for educators and administrators to transfer skills to the educational process. The last chapter describes the need for a sophisticated instructional management system--Educator-Computer Integrated Management (ECIM)--to keep track of the progress of each student. Three pages of references complete the booklet. (MLF)
Descriptors: Administrators, Adoption (Ideas), Change Strategies, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Managed Instruction, Computer Oriented Programs, Educational Change, Educational Environment, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Individualized Instruction, Inservice Teacher Education, Management Development, Microcomputers, Problem Solving, Programing, Training Methods
Publication Sales, International Council for Computers in Education, University of Oregon, 1787 Agate Street, Eugene, OR 97403 ($6.00 prepaid; quantity discounts; $2.50 for shipping and handling).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: International Council for Computers in Education, Eugene, OR.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.