ERIC Number: ED264565
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Secondary Student's Approach to Expository Text Processing: A Preliminary Study of Written Paragraphs Based on a Four-Word Category.
Gerhard, Christian; Smith, Laura J.
Recognizing the need for some form of evaluation of students' ability to understand the organization of ideas in different subject areas, a study was conducted to evaluate 450 paragraphs written by students aged 12 to 17. Students chose one of three groups of four words each to write on. Each group represented a category, the subjects being vehicles, shelter, and emotion. The student was asked to select the word which could be a heading for the other three and use that word as a basis for the first sentence of a paragraph. The three other words were then to be used as a basis for three more sentences to complete the paragraph. Results supported the hypothesis that the proportion of students choosing the correct superordinate word in each word group would increase from the youngest to the oldest class. Results did not prove, however, that girls would choose the correct superordinate word more often than boys. Results also indicated a significantly larger proportion of students in the two youngest classes writing narrative paragraphs and using the first person than in the older four classes. The study concluded that further research is needed to establish relationships between reading and the ability to understand the organization of ideas when reading. A five-page bibliography is appended. (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A