ERIC Number: ED264545
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Comprehension Processes and Eye Movement Patterns in the Reading of Surprise-Ending Stories. Technical Report No. 344.
Blanchard, Harry E.; Iran-Nejad, Asghar
Most studies of eye movement behavior during reading have dealt with the processes involved with local aspects of text, such as visual or graphic characteristics or individual word features. To determine if a global level of processing (pertaining to the whole text or to large sections of it) would affect eye movement patterns differently, a study examined the pattern of movements of skilled adult readers as they encountered stories with surprise endings. The subjects, 22 college students, read three surprise-ending stories while their eye movements were monitored. As a control condition, some students read versions of the stories that had been rewritten to give away the surprise at the beginning. Results showed an increase in the number of fixations associated with rereading the surprising lines of the stories when compared to the same lines in the control condition versions. There was also a small increase in the mean duration of fixations on the surprising lines, but there was no change in mean saccade length. The findings suggest that even the most global levels of processing must be considered as an influence on the eye movement control system. A three-page list of references and graphs concludes the report. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.