ERIC Number: ED264530
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Spatial Organizers on Text Comprehension.
Moore, Phillip J.; Kirby, John R.
Sixty-eight undergraduate college students served as subjects in a study that examined the effects of reader-generated map-like representations (spatial organizers) on subjects' delayed recall of a narrative. Of interest were the possible interactions between individual difference measures (verbal and spatial ability) and map generation on comprehension and the relationship between information produced on individual maps and comprehension. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups: the "Map group" (who constructed a map while reading) or the "Nomap" group (a read-only condition). All subjects read a 773-word passage describing a mythical tribe's pilgrimage. Comprehension was assessed using an 18-item multiple-choice test containing literal, inferential, and reconstruction items. Results demonstrated the differential effects of map construction on comprehension. Low verbal ability subjects were negatively influenced by map construction, particularly at the detail level, whereas for the high verbal ability subjects, comprehension was enhanced. The reconstruction and inferential results suggested different emphases in comprehension. Map construction enhanced performance on reconstruction questions but failed to facilitate text integration types of comprehension. (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A