ERIC Number: ED264519
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Taking Teaching Out of Teaching and Reading Out of Learning to Read. A Historical Study of Reading Textbook Teachers Guides 1920-1980.
To determine how textbook publishers have changed the content of teachers' manuals designed to accompany basal reading series, a study was undertaken to examine manuals published by two different publishers since the l920s. Ten fifth grade manuals were reviewed for physical characteristics, tests, number of stories, instructional suggestions, professional discussion on the teaching of reading, reports of current reading research, professional bibliography, student bibliography, scripting, story summaries, questions, answers, exercises, and scope and sequence. Results showed that the role of the teacher reflected in the earlier guides was of someone totally in control and capable of making decisions about how to teach. Teaching and reading were defined in professional, research based terms, and the philosophy underpinning the various series was clearly presented. By the l960s, sections on research and on other topics had been moved to the back of the manuals, and had disappeared--along with professional bibliographies--by the l970s. Also by the l970s, the role of the teacher depicted in the manuals was of someone required to follow the teaching suggestions in the guide, keep students busy studying reading skills, and monitor their acquisition of those skills. In short, the manuals have taken teaching out of teaching and reading out of learning to read. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (69th, Chicago, IL, March 31-April 4, 1985).