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ERIC Number: ED264483
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Nov
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Multiple Role Strain in Caregivers to Elderly Parents.
DeWolff, Dea K.
Women today may combine the roles of wife, parent, paid worker, and caregiver to an elderly relative. These women may be experiencing role strain and it is not known what factors might contribute to this strain. This study examines the relationships among multiple role assumption, role satisfaction, and caregiver's health with multiple role strain. A non-random sample of women (N=50) who were caregivers to an elderly parent or in-law were interviewed to determine their satisfaction with the roles of wife, parent, paid worker, and caregiver. Multiple role strain was defined as the perceived difficulty (and concomitant negative emotions) experienced in meeting and enacting multiple role expectations. Multiple role strain was assessed by a 42-item scale which measured the degree of difficulty in meeting multiple role expectations, the frequency of difficulty in meeting multiple role expectations, the degree of emotional reaction, and frequency of emotional reaction. The moderate levels of satisfaction which most women felt with the roles of caregiver and worker were highly predictive of multiple role strain. Satisfaction in caregiver's and worker's roles and worker's roles and caregiver's health together accounted for 55 percent of the variance in multiple role strain. Further studies are needed to examine what factors influence satisfaction in the caregiving role and how to make the caregiving situation as satisfying as possible to the caregiver. References, 3 data tables, and the study instruments are appended. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A