ERIC Number: ED264481
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Nov
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Concepts of Self and Parents among Elementary School Children in Intact, Single Parent, and Blended Families.
Horns, Virginia; Abbott, Gypsy
Family structures are changing because of the divorce rate. Three types of family structures can be identified: (1) intact families with children living with both natural parents; (2) single parent families with children living with one natural parent; and (3) blended families with children living with one natural parent and one step parent. A study was conducted to examine the differences in children's self-concepts and their concepts of the adults they live with in relation to family structure. Gender and grade differences were also examined. Participants (N=404) were students in grades 2-5 with approximately equal numbers of girls and boys, all of middle to high socioeconomic status. The Personal Attribute Inventory for children, consisting of 24 negative and 24 positive descriptors from which subjects choose 15 words that best describe a designated person or group, was used to assess interpersonal and intrapersonal evaluations. Few differences on self-concept and concepts of parents were found. No statistically significant differences related to gender or grade were found. Specific feelings reported were different, with children of single parents evaluating themselves as less calm and less complaining but more afraid and nicer than other children. Children from intact families rated themselves as calmer, healthier, stronger, and wiser than other children. It is suggested that further research should examine the relationship between children's self-concept and the level of conflict in their families. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Education Researcher's Association (Biloxi, MS, November, 1985).