ERIC Number: ED264479
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Evaluation of Long-Term Effects of Health Promotion Program with the Elderly.
Hooyman, Nancy; And Others
The Wallingford Wellness Project was a 3-year community-based health promotion program for the independent elderly (persons over 54 years of age) which offered education and behavior change training in physical fitness, stress management, nutrition, and environmental awareness and action. The experimental group (N=90) participated in a pretest, the 21-week program, an immediate posttest, a 6-month follow-up, and a 2-year follow-up. The comparison group (N=44) participated in the pretest, 6-month follow-up, and 2-year follow-up. Experimental (N=50) and comparison (N=31) group subjects in the 2-year follow-up were mailed a shortened version of the original questionnaire to investigate the project's long-term outcome effectiveness on health behavior, information, risk, status, and service utilization. Analyses revealed long-term program effectiveness in sustaining, above pretest levels, participant improvements in lifestyle habits and health information achieved at posttest and 6 months. The data, however, clearly showed these program benefits to have declined from the 6-month follow-up. Positive posttest and 6-month follow-up program effects related to mental health, responsibility for health, and risk to heart attack and stroke were not shown to have been sustained at long term. Health service utilization behavior and health status at long term also were not found to be significantly changed from pretest. Decreased involvement in health promotion classes and premature long-term evaluation may partially explain these results. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration on Aging (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Washington