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ERIC Number: ED264459
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Motivation and Emotion upon Problem Solving.
Sanders, Michele; Matsumoto, David
Recent research has refuted the behaviorist approach by establishing a relationship between emotion and behavior. The data collection procedure, however, has often involved an inferred emotional state from a hypothetical situation. As partial fulfillment of a class requirement, 60 college students were asked to perform two problem solving tasks from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised. Ten emotions were assessed by self-report on a 9-point scale. Subjects were asked before the tasks how well they though they would do and how much they would like it. Following the tasks the students were again asked in retrospect how well they thought they did and how much they liked the task. To assess the changes, pre-task scores were subtracted from the post-task scores. The results revealed that changes in emotional state from before to after the task were related to the subject's motivation toward the task. Altering the emotions of the subjects while engaged in problem solving altered the relationship between emotion and motivation. It was also found that motivation toward one type of problem solving could predict motivation toward other similar types. The self-report scales of emotions greatly enhanced the ability to predict. This relationship between motivation and emotional state can have an impact of the teaching of problem solving to children. (TW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A